Salem is the capital of this Pacific Ocean coastal State, that was home to a vast number of Indigenous nations. Trades have historically marked the Oregon’s Pacific coast, since the 1500s, when the first European explorations happened, due to its strategic location next to the sea, and rivers like Columbia and Snake. Currently, trade with Asian countries have a large importance for the State’s exportation and general economy.
Oregon is the 9th largest and the most geographically diverse State in the country. Besides having high deserts that cover most of the 5 counties, Oregonian territory is also designed with volcanoes, many bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forest. One of the rich waterways’ features is the Crater Lake, surrounded by a national park and known to be the deepest in U.S.
The most populous city in Oregon is Portland, that works as a marine facility as the name says and it is also known as the “city of roses”, as these species of flowers tend to grow easily on the territory. This port city is part of the Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro metropolitan area, that counts with 9 Oregon and 2 Washingtonians cities. Salem, the State’s capital, follows in the 2nd position in the population rank.
Portland has built a strong cultural scene along the years. Music, Theatre, Cinema, Plastic Arts and other entertainment productions encounter fertile soil there, where a lot of contracultural trends live wildly. Scientific and Educational institutions are in great number in this city.
Other than that, the high technology industries are concentrated in Portland area, where is also the largest airport of the State. Also, the “Silicon Forest” located in Oregon has, since the 1970s, being an important technology center to the region.
Traditionally, the Oregon economy is based on resources with the help of farms and forests. But, after the 1950s, the manufacturing, trade and other industries such as transportation, fishing, biotechnology, tourism and recreation managed to diverse the state’s revenue.